Cities and Languages: Governance and Policy
An International Symposium

Proceedings of the international symposium, “Language Planning in Capitals and Urban Environments,” held March 25-26, 2010 at the University of Ottawa,
with sponsorship from the Official Languages and Bilingualism Institute, Canadian Heritage, the Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages and the City of Ottawa.

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ISBN: 978-0-9877575-0-0
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ISBN: 978-0-9877575-1-7
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Edited by Richard Clément &
Caroline Andrew

Table of Contents

List of Contributors

Preface: Language Planning in Capitals and Urban Environments
Graham Fraser, Commission of Official Languages of Canada
IntroductionL Language Policies and Bilingualism in Urban Environments: Situated Discussions
Sylvie A. Lamoureaux and Richard Clément

Part 1

Barcelona: A Bivalent Multilingual City
Emili Boix-Fuster, Gemma Cots and Georgina Rufo
Moncton: Symbol of Bilingualism and Cymbolic Bilingualism
Daniel Bourgeois
Ottawa: One City, Two Languages
Managing Municipal Services in English and French in Canada's Capital
Aaron Burry
The City of Ottawa: Symbolic Representation and Public Image
Caroline Andrew and Guy Chiasson
A Nation of Two Official Languages: Helsinki as Helsingfors
Maria Björnberg-Enckell

Part 2

Institutional Bilingualism in Biel/Bienne, Switzerland: Between Identity Politics and Pragmatism
Christina Späti
Language Planning in Brussels: Two Opposing Policy Mindsets
Philippe Hambye
Language Planning in Capitals and Urban Environments: Administrative Management and Public Services in Barcelona
Jordi Font and Antoni Rodon
Biel/Bienne: A Linguistic Bridge at the Language Boundary
Pierre-Yves Moeschler

Conclusion: The City as Unequal Refractor
Colin H. Williams