Why we need more INNOVATION IN CANADA: and what we must do to get it

Canada has a prosperity problem because we don’t create enough wealth. Business as usual is not a solution; we need to create more value in new ways – that’s innovation.

This book demystifies innovation and presents its many aspects in one big picture. It proposes innovation in both goods and services as the means for increasing the value of what the Canadian economy produces. This will raise our prosperity and show up as improved productivity.

Print version
ISBN: 978-1-927465-00-4
Price C$33.95

Electronic version
ISBN: 978-1-927465-01-1
Price C$9.99

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Information about the author:


Tom Brzustowski

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction

PART I: SETTING THE STAGE

Chapter 1 Sketching The Big Picture
The thesis
What innovation is and what it is not
The business of innovation
To innovate or not to innovate
Productivity, R&D and export sales
Time scales of innovation
The many kinds of innovation
Innovation systems
Last words

Chapter 2 The Case for More Innovation in Canada
Introduction
Canada’s place in the world, in a few numbers
The prosperity-competence nexus
Key cross-border flows in the knowledge-based economy
The link between innovation and economic growth
The deal maker
Innovation and competition
The recipe for growth by increased innovation
Conclusions so far

Chapter 3 The Innovation System
Innovation as a change process
The national innovation system
The macro view
The not-quite-national system of innovation
Canada’s regional systems of innovation
Senior governments
The supply and demand sides of programs
National and provincial characteristics
Culture
The rest of the world
The regional dimensions
The challenge to government

Chapter 4 Wealth Creation, Value-added and The Language of Innovation
Value-added
Wealth creation
Marketing
The language of innovation
Definitions of innovation in the literature – a diversity
Definition of innovation for economic impact
Some system perspectives
R&D and other “words that everybody knows”
A very short historical perspective on R&D
Intellectual property

Chapter 5 Innovation and Productivity
Productivity of labour
Multi-factor productivity

PART II: WHERE WE ARE NOW

Chapter 6 From Gigaprojects to Small Potatoes – The Cost of Innovation
Introduction
A framework for business innovation – the quad taxonomy
Research-based innovation, new venture (R-N)
Design-based innovation, established firm (D-E)
Research-based innovation, established firm (R-E)
Design-based innovation, new venture (D-N)
Canada’s national spending on innovation

Chapter 7 Four Models of Industrial Innovation in Canada
Models of innovation
The four quadrants of innovation space
A new model for the D-N quadrant
A new model for the R-N quadrant
Griller’s four modes of innovation
Standing back a bit

Chapter 8 The Role of Post-secondary Education
Introduction to the system
Innovation and university research in Canada
Students and two other sources of innovation
University-industry research partnerships
Basic research
What can be done in a system designed for something else

Chapter 9 Innovation in Services
Introduction
The importance of services in the Canadian economy
The definition of services
Competition in services
Services in the quad taxonomy of innovation
Innovation in public sector and government services

Chapter 10 Interactions for Innovations
People working with people
Clusters
Six examples of clusters in Canada
Innovation intermediaries
Partnerships
What this all adds up to

Chapter 11 Innovations in Innovation
Open innovation Innovation in business models
Open source
User innovation
Social innovation

Chapter 12 What Company Data Show
Introduction
The data
The four faces of R&D intensity
What the data show
A model of industrial R&D in Canada
Some loose ends

PART III: WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE

Chapter 13 An Innovation Policy for Canada
Innovation Action Plan
Ten principles of an innovation policy
Nine program principles
Final words
Index